Journal Articles

The Ecology of the Northeastern Coyote   This is a link to a scientific paper written by Matthew Gomper of the Wildlife Conservation Society. It is an excellent introduction to the history and ecology of our eastern coyotes.

http://s3.amazonaws.com/WCSResources/file_20110518_073403_WCS_WorkingPaper17_Gompper_kTiIyc.pdf

Us or them  A well researched paper written by William Stolzenburg, journeys into our historic and present day relationship with large carnivores. He takes you to a place where our generation needs to be …looking at and questioning our behavior toward these powerful beings we share our planet with.

http://www.conservationmagazine.org/2008/07/us-or-them/print/

Foraging Ecology of Eastern Coyotes  Research conducted by scientists at SUNY College Department of Environmental Science and Forestry, from 2007 to 2014. This research highlights the complexity of the predator prey relationship, especially that of Coyotes, who do not depend on any one prey species. It also describes the importance of balanced ecosytems, and how we as humans can affect that balance by our actions. Read what happens….when beavers recovered from centuries of market trapping.  Coyotes are resilient and adaptable. They always find a way to survive!

http://frair.weebly.com/uploads/3/1/7/8/31787235/coyote_progress_report_2014.pdf

Cougar Response to Hunting ….What happens when carnivores are hunted  The following link is a film detailing the research of Dr. Robert Wielgus from Washington State University.  This scientist discusses the results of an extensive research project regarding cougars and what happens when they are hunted. I share this with you, as so much of this applies to Coyotes as well.  The simplistic concept that if you kill more, there will be less….and we will cease to be in conflict with them…..does not really happen in the real world.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2_ZD-PAKhSo

Trophic Cascades in Yellowstone: The First 15 Years after Wolf Reintroduction  This  journal article details the research of scientists William Ripple and Robert Beschta of Oregon State University. The return of the wolves after of an absence of 70 years caused a cascade of positive effects on the entire ecosystem of Yellowstone, from the re-growth of willows to the increase of song birds. It is an excellent article to help you understand the powerful role Keystone carnivores (like Coyote in Maine) have in creating healthy and biodiverse landscapes.

Trophic Cascades in Yellowstone: The First 15 Years after Wolf Reintroduction.pdf

Top Carnivores in the Suburbs?  Ecological and Conservation Issues Raised by Colonization of North Eastern North America by Coyotes  by Matthew Gompper  Excellent scientific paper that discusses Coyote’s role as the Keystone carnivore, and the positive effect this carnivore can have on our ecosystem. The author also discusses the challenges of educating our society about this carnivore that is capable of living with us.

http://web.missouri.edu/~gompperm/Gompper%202002%20Bioscience.pdf

Home Range and Landscape Use of Coyotes in a Metropolitan Landscape: Conflict or Coexistence?  By Dr. Stanley Gehrt and Associates of Ohio State University.  This is a long term ongoing study of coyote’s use of urban areas. These studies are invaluable because they reveal how coyotes are living with us, and thus can teach us how we can live with them.

http://urbancoyoteresearch.com/CoyoteLandscapeUse_Gehrtetal.pdf

Coyotes under Fire: Government Program Slaughters Coyotes by the Tens of Thousands   Karen E. Lang interviewed dozens of sources in her research regarding the federal government’s cruel slaughter of our native wild dog, Coyote.  Why does this continue? Most Americans have no idea of how their tax dollars are being used in the persecution of our wildlife. But as you will see in the article, wildlife are not the only ones that suffer. But she ends her article talking about solutions ….and this is the challenge of our generation.

http://www.humanesociety.org/news/magazines/2012/03-04/coyotes_under_fire_a.html 

Coyotes in New York State: Their relationship with their prey  This newly published research in 2014 indicates once more Coyote’s flexibility and resiliency. Researchers found that Coyotes use diverse prey throughout New York, depending on the environment they lived in and the abundance or lack of a particular species. As we would expect too, human behavior has a definite affect on Coyote’s diet …..be sure to note the use of beaver and why, and what happens when farmers leave the carcass of their dead farm animals out.

http://media.syracuse.com/outdoors_impact/other/Coyote_Progress_Report_2014.good.pdf